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See also Earth-2, Earth 2, JLA: Earth-2, Earth, Arrow: Earth-2, Arrow: Earth-3, Earth-2 (Smallville) for a complete list of references to distinguish between these closely named or closely related articles.

History

Pre-Crisis

Earth-Two was the reality designation attributed to the planet Earth, and the Universe it inhabited, that existed prior to the Crisis on Infinite Earths.

Earth-Two itself was populated by various individuals who resembled those of its primary Multiversal counterpart, Earth-One. Some were direct parallels to their predecessors (ex. Superman (Earth-One) and Superman (Earth-Two)), some less so (ex. Atom (Al Pratt) and Atom (Ray Palmer)). The two Earths were closely linked in terms of parallel development, although Earth-Two individuals usually predated their Earth-One counterparts by a few decades. For a complete list of Earth-Two inhabitants, see List of Earth-Two Characters.

Prior to the events of the Crisis on Infinite Earths, the reality termed as Earth-Two was populated by heroes who emerged during the Golden Age, including the Justice Society of America and the native incarnations of Superman (Kal-L), Batman (Police Commissioner Bruce Wayne), Robin (Ambassador Richard "Dick" Grayson) and Wonder Woman (Princess Diana Trevor, wife of U.S Army General Steve Trevor) to this reality all emerged prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor which led to the United States' involvement in World War II.

World War II
Forgotten Catastrophes
  • Earth Two's history includes a number of catastrophic events, including terrorist attacks and world-takeover attempts, in addition to WWII and subsequent "real world" wars. Most of these events were never mentioned again in any subsequent story. These included:
    • Washington, D.C.:
      • In 1936 the Capitol Building was destroyed by a gang of gas-masked terrorists, using a large armored tank.[1]
      • In 1939 the Capitol Building was destroyed again, as was the U.S. Treasury, by Prof. James Barton, using radio-controlled missiles.[2]
    • New York City area:
    • In and near another American city, the Avenger's Disintegrator Ray destroyed a church, killing thousands of people, then was used to destroy a battleship, and an important dam, in 1939.[12]
    • Nation-Wide:
    • Africa & Arabia
      • Ulonda, a little-known city in the Sahara, and a rich source of radium, was attacked by a renegade warlord, Zolar, with a fleet of radium-powered sky-ships, armed with the "meteor death" weapons, which rained deadly orbs onto the city, engulfing Ulonda in awful destruction, killing probably hundreds and perhaps thousands, of Ulondian civilians.[15]
    • Africa & Europe
      • Several coastal cities in Africa and Europe were attacked, by Moon Men, with iradium gas, killing thousands, in early 1941.[16]
    • Asia
      • In the Himalayas, using a machine gun and an improvised sling, Captain Desmo and his assistant wiped out the entire "Mudas" tribe of Himalayan giant humans.[17] This genocide was never again mentioned afterward.
    • Latin America:
      • Mexico City: Amid a bloody, supernaturally-instigated, race war, an enormous Aztec-style step-pyramid emerged from the pavement in the center of town, creating massive destruction among surrounding streets and structures, to loom over the entire city. Afterward the participants had only confused and incomplete memories of this carnage, and many of their fellow citizens were dead.[18] The chronicles make no mention of this hideous edifice ever being removed or dismantled.
    • World-Wide:
Roy Harper Cry for Justice
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Post-Crisis

During the Crisis on Infinite Earths, Earth-Two ceased to exist, though aspects, characters, and localities from it were effectively merged with aspects of Earth-One, Earth-Four, Earth-S, and Earth-X to form one composite universe. The most noted surviving aspect was many of the non-duplicate heroes (including members of the Justice Society such as Jay Garrick, Alan Scott and Ted Grant) were recreated to be native to the New Earth reality.

By some yet unexplained occurrence, both Kara Zor-L (known as Power Girl) and Per Degaton both survived the historical elimination of Earth-Two, and retain their original multiverse Earth-Two origin basis.

After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, the designation of "Earth-2" was given to New Earth by the Alexander Luthor of the antimatter Earth that was populated by the third incarnation of the Crime Syndicate. Due to the way the JLA: Syndicate Rules back cover reads some readers think "Earth-2" refers to the antimatter reality when it in fact referred to the DC Primary Earth.

Hypertime

Copies of some Earth-Two characters appeared as "ghosts" in the superhero-themed restaurant Planet Krypton which in reality was an arsenal.[20][21] Among the weapons in the restaurant was Alan Scott's power ring (along with Power Ring's and a regular Green Lantern ring). An Earth-Two like Superman is shown trying to penetrate a barrier around his city[22] and later realizes he has a door "even if he is not going to use it. Not today anyway."[23]

Infinite Crisis

A copy of the Pre-Crisis Earth-Two was briefly made, along with other divergent realities, during an event called "Infinite Crisis". This incident saw the return of two Earth-Two's original denizens Kal-L (Superman) and his wife Lois Lane Kent, both of whom had disappeared into a paradise-like dimension following the events of the first Crisis. Accompanying them was Alexander Luthor - the sole survivor of Earth-Three and architect behind Earth-Two's re-creation and Superboy-Prime. This duplicate Earth-Two was barren and unpopulated and was ultimately recombined into New Earth at the end of Infinite Crisis.

In the Thy Kingdom Come storyline after the Earth-22 Superman appeared Wally West and Jay Garrick use the cosmic treadmill an attempt to visit Earth-Two and along the way they glimpse what looks like Earth-Two before arriving in the void that was Earth-Two. Later Power Girl is transported to that Earth which not only remembers "red skies" (a common reference to Crisis) but seems to be a carbon copy of the old Earth-Two; problem is it already has a Power Girl. Starman eventually reveals that Alexander Luthor's actions rebirthed the multiverse which is why the revived Earth-Two had its own Power-Girl (and why its Krytonite effected the New Earth Power Girl).

Convergence

The actions of Brainiac, Parallax and the Superman of New Earth undid the events of the original Crisis, restoring Earth-Two and the rest of the infinite Earths to the Multiverse.

Points of Interest

Unusual Geography, cities:

A significant number of American cities existed uniquely on Earth-Two, and many of these had no direct counterparts on "nearby" parallel worlds such as Earth-One or Earth-S. Examples include:

Unusual Geography, nation-states:

A significant number of modern nations existed uniquely on Earth-Two, and many of these had no direct counterparts on "nearby" parallel worlds such as Earth-One or Earth-S. Examples include:

Unusual Geography, hidden tombs secret kingdoms, and lost civilizations:

A significant number of alien outposts, secret kingdoms, and lost civilizations, some populated and some not, existed uniquely on Earth-Two, and many of these had no direct counterparts on "nearby" parallel worlds such as Earth-One or Earth-S. Examples include:

  • African city of Ophir, ruled by Queen Setap, destroyed by Zatara, in 1939.[24]
  • African mines of Ophir, near the Red Cliffs, unconfirmed location scouted by Professor Kent and Congo Bill, in 1941.[25]
  • African hidden city of ape-men, found by Professor Gladstone and Slam Bradley in 1938.[26]
  • African isolated, ancient, walled-in city of "Link Men," found by Raoul D'Armand and Zatara in 1940.[27] The city is set amid a vast grassy savannah, atop a steep mesa-like plateau, and is now populated only by stone statues of apelike men or manlike apes.
  • Anglonia, in an uncharted mountain range near Palestine, isolated for 600 years, home of medieval European peasants and armored knights, as discovered by Steven Trevor and Wonder Woman in 1947. Anglonia changed from a feudal fiefdom to a democracy in the late 1940s.[28]
  • Antarctic Bitterland, home of the evil Seal Men, enemies of Eveland.[29]
  • Antarctic Eveland, a hidden land near the South Pole, a Venusian colony, led by Eve, the daughter of Queen Desira of Venus, as discovered by Wonder Woman in the mid-1940s.[30]
  • Antarctic Mayala, an underground valley in which live the mingled refugee remnants of the ancient Mayan and Inca empires, as discovered by Cotton Carver in 1939.[31] Carver's career carried him onward from Mayala, to a series of underground kingdoms and civilizations, including the Land of Queen Kothe,[32] Loma,[33] Thule,[34] the Land of Sere,[35] the Polar Zone,[36] the City of Glass,[37] Ugar,[38] Emeralda,[39] Barlunda,[40] Sarthon,[41] Barok,[42] and others.
  • Atlantic undersea secret city of the evil race of Moon Men, gassed to death by Zatara in 1940.[43]
  • Atlantis, a lost city in an underwater cavern, found by Zatara in 1939.[44]
  • Atlantis, an uninhabited ancient sunken city, found by Aquaman's father in the 1920s. This famous ocean explorer built himself a watertight home within one of the palaces, and lived there, studying the records and devices of the ancient race, for decades.[45]
  • Atlantis, a populated city in an undergound cavern, in or near the Azores, found by the Three Aces in 1941. These people called themselves "Normen", and were jointly ruled by hereditary monarchial siblings Sasha and Hagad. Hagad married Ingrid Svenson, an old friend of the Three Aces. Atlantean Normen had radium-powered rocket ships, and a vast supply of radium. Their Goddess was called "Tanis".[46][47]
  • Brazilian Cave, in Matto Grosso, defended by a tribe of dwarf people, containing a large platinum idol and a man-sized platinum statue of the late Fred Hart.[48]
  • British site of Camelot, at Caerleon on the River Usk.[49]
  • China, in an undisclosed remote location, an ancient temple that until 1939 contained the Treasure of Genghis Khan, as found and claimed by the Nandan Khan, one Pan Chi-Lou, and his American partner Ian Murray.[50]
    • This was a completely different hoard of treasure from that found in Inner Mongolia by Zatara, that same year.[51]
  • Dolorosa Island, home to several strange species of life, humanoid and otherwise.[52]
  • Egyptian Temple of Philae, beside the Nile River, original lair of the ancient wizard Amen-Hotep.[53]
  • Himalayan "Hidden Paradise", in Nephul territory, discovered by Professor Gladstone and Captain Desmo in 1939.[54] This hidden tropical valley is home to Himalayan crocodiles and Himalayan giant cannibals.[55]
  • Himalayan realm of The Seven, Doctor Occult's secret masters.[56]
  • Himalayan Tibetan Monastery of mad Lama Jerbel, site of the 1939 world takeover plot.[57]
  • Lost Valley, said to be "ruled by reptiles", as visited by Green Arrow and Speedy in 1949.[58]
  • Mexican Hidden City ruled by Herbert Handers the Gorilla King, and his army of human-brain-transplanted gorillas, as discovered and destroyed by Zatara in 1939.[59]
  • Mexican Secret Kingdom ruled by King Axtol and Princess Ixtla, as discovered by Justin Arthur and his squire Butch Boyle in 1951.[60]
  • In the Mexican Sierra Madre mountains, remnants of an old Aztec city, with a large room filled with gold items, as discovered by Gunner Bill, Whistler Will, and Fog Fortune in 1940.[61]
  • In the Mexican Yucatan jungles, southeast of Merida, the "Lost Pyramid of Kukulkan," with sorcerous artifacts and texts, as discovered by an unnamed German archaeologist/occultist, who used these items, in December 1941, to attain supernatural super powers.[62]
  • In Inner Mongolia, the Tomb of Genghis Khan, formerly filled with gold and gems, as found and looted by Zatara and his accomplice the Tigress, in 1939.[63]
    • This was a completely different hoard of treasure from that found in another area of China by Ian Murray, Ken Cockerill, and Pan Chi-Lou, that same year.[64]
  • In New York Bay, the undersea canyon home of the Kogat invaders, destroyed by Hawkman in 1940. [65]
  • The Pacific "Island that Time Forgot", a volcanic island populated by Neanderthals, with a monstrous Roc living in the volcano. An Imperial Japanese agent trained the male Neanderthals as soldiers, and issued them machine guns. The island was volcanically exploded in 1942.[66]
  • Paradise Island, home of Hippolyta's nation of Amazons,[67] site of the Fountain of Youth.[68]
  • Sahara Desert City of Ulonda, half-destroyed in a "meteor death" attack by the renegade warlord Zolar in 1940.[69]
  • The Sealed City, ruled by the Gorrah, discovered by Tex Thomson in 1938.[70]
  • South American "Land Beyond the Clouds," Captain Vurm's final hideout.[71]
  • South American "Red City," a lost Inca colony, site of the Fountain of Youth.[72]
  • unnamed subterranean colony of green, hairy, speechless, all-male "sub-men", encountered and dominated by the Ultra-Humanite in 1942.[73]

Residents

Main article: Earth-Two Characters


Science

The properties of matter, laws of physics, and principles of chemistry were very different on Earth-Two from those of our own world, or of “nearby” parallel continuums either. For example, there is no record of a “Speed Force” at work in Earth-Two.

Alchemy

  • 1939, Fang Gow's Transformation Serum, that transformed live men into wax dummies, and an antidote that restored them to normal,[74]
  • 1940, Slight's Plaster Statue Animating Formula,[75]
  • 1940, Snegg's Wax Figure Animating Formula,[76]

Biology

  • 1940, Togg's mutated Gombezi, and hybrid Wolf/Buzzards,[77]
  • 1941, Buttsford's Super-Thyroid Extract, produced giant honeybees,[78]

Physics

  • 1939, Susswill’s Fourth-Dimension Gateway machine,[79]
  • 1941, Darrk’s invisibility-inducing Black Ray,[80]
  • 1941, Iker's Fifth-Dimensional Homunculus Composition apparatus,[81]

Antigravity Physics

  • 1940, Hall’s Nth-metal Antigravity Equipment,[82]
  • 1941, Knight’s Stellar-powered Gravity Rod,[83]
  • 1941, Izzel’s Flying Carpet,[84]
  • 1965, Knight’s Quasar-powered Cosmic Rod, [85], an improvement on the original Gravity Rod

Chronokinetic Physics

  • 1935, Mowcher’s Time Machine,[86][87][88][89]
  • 1942, Grimm’s Time Machine,[90]
  • 1942, unidentified inventor's Time Machine,[91]

Chemistry

  • 1942, Smythe’s Inviso-Solution,[92][93]

Pharmaceutical Chemistry

  • 1940, Fang Gow's person-expanding formula,[94]
  • 1940, Tyler’s “Miraclo” Formula,[95]
  • 1941, Doombie’s person-shrinking formula,[96]

Medicine

  • 1939, Kichung’s Interspecies Brain Transplant Technique,[97][98]
  • 1941, Martian Human-to-Robot Brain Transplant Technique,[99]
  • 194(?), Tyler’s “Miraclo” Ray,[citation needed], an improvement on the original potion
  • 1942, Amazonian Purple Ray,[100]

Engineering

Many devices, gadgets, vehicles, were built on Earth-Two that could never have been built or made to work on our own world.

Vehicles

  • 1939, Ultra-Humanite’s Invisible Cars,[101]
  • 1942, Amazonian Invisible Airplane,[102]
  • 1948, Garvey's wall-climbing Gyrocar,[103]

Weapons, Rays

  • 1939, Dodds’ Ray Gun,[104]
  • 1939, Salvini's Disintegrator Ray,[105]
  • 1940, Fang Gow's Spoilator Ray,[106]
  • 1940, Hunter's Sub-atomic Death Ray,[107]
  • 1941, Borloff’s Metal Gun (metal-disintegrating ray),[108]
  • 1941, Edley’s Comet-Ray (a comet-powered repulsor ray),[109]
  • 1941, The Light's Diminishing Ray,[110]
  • 1941, Norkut’s Purple Death Ray,[111]

Weapons, other

  • 1939, Carnochan's Explosive formula[112]
  • 1940, Hunter's Super Anesthetic Gas,[113]
  • 1940, Hastor's Ultra-Dynamo,[114]
  • 1940, Nitoff's collaborator's Hot Air Antiaircraft Weapon,[115]
  • 1941, Doog’s Ultra-Dynamo,[116]
  • 1941, Vurm's long-distance earthquake-generating machinery,[117]

Robotics, Sensors, Computers, Communications, Cybernetics

  • 1936, The Voice's giant robots, with death-ray eyes,[118]
  • 1940, Fang Gow's Audio Ray,[119]
  • 1940, Fang Gow's Long-Range Telepathic Transceiver,[120]
  • 1940, Togg's Radiofoto video system,[121]
  • 1942, Amazonian Mental Radio,[122]
  • 1943, Hart's Submarine Detection device,[123]


Notes

  • However, Schwartz's initial idea was that the original Golden Age characters existed in "Earth 1" and the current Silver Age characters in "Earth 2". This concept was mixed up, resulting in the current universe designation.[124]
  • The existence of the Pre-Crisis Earth-Two Universe was known to the superhuman (both heroic and villainous) populace of Earth-One and several other Earths including Earth-X and Earth-Three. [125]. However the general populace of these other Earths were ignorant of the existence of Pre-Crisis Earth-Two.
  • Many, though not all, Golden Age stories have been retroactively attributed to Earth-Two continuity despite the contradictions between Earth-Two's stated history and the actual comics.
  • Convergence #0 states the first appearance of "Pre-Crisis Earth-Two Metropolis" was in The Flash #123 (rather then Action Comics #16) bolstering E. Nelson Bridwell's suggestion in Superman Family letters page that the differences between the histories or Earth-Two and Golden age stories was due to the later actually occurring on "Alternate Earth-Two" (Earth-Two-A). This Earth was formally canonized in The Official Crisis on Infinite Earths Index (March 1986).
  • The Crisis on Infinite Earths: The Compendium lists an "Earth-B2" which refers the reader back to an nonexistent Earth-Forty-Six listing. What this reality was and how it differed from Earth-Two is unknown.
  • "Golden Age" Earth-Two was retroactively wiped out of existence (as with the rest of the Pre-Crisis Multiverse due to events in Crisis on Infinite Earths with a close (if not exact copy) copy created at the end of 52. Flash: Flashpoint saw a very different Earth 2 and according to Jeff King "Post-Convergence, every character that ever existed, in either Continuity or Canon, is now available to us as storytellers." which means that Earth-Two, Earth-2, and Earth 2 now all exist.
Lois lane confused meeting kal l for 1st time

Lois Lane of Earth-One meeting Kal-L of Earth-Two and learning of multiple Earths and some differences between the two Supermen


Trivia

  • Bob Rozakis listed the issues where the transfer from Earth-Two to Earth-One characters happened in the Daily Planet promotional page Vol 76 #5 week of Feb 5, 1979:
  • The term "Earth-2" has been used to refer to other Earths:
  • The DC Primary Earth was named "Earth-2" by the Anti-Matter Lex Luthor in JLA: Earth-2.
  • Marvel's Earth-616 in JLA/Avengers #3 is called "Earth-2" by Hal Jordan.
  • Earth-2, a reality effectively identical to Earth-Two in the original local 52 multiverse.
  • Earth 2, a reality with updated versions of Earth-Two characters in the local New 52 multiverse.


See Also


Links and References

  • None.

References

  1. New Comics #6
  2. Detective Comics #26
  3. Action Comics #15
  4. Detective Comics #33
  5. Flash Comics #1
  6. Flash Comics #2
  7. New York World's Fair Comics #2
  8. More Fun Comics #68
  9. More Fun Comics #73
  10. Action Comics #38
  11. Adventure Comics #61
  12. Detective Comics #29
  13. Adventure Comics #63
  14. Action Comics #52
  15. Action Comics #30
  16. Action Comics #20
  17. Adventure Comics #37
  18. All-Star Squadron #6
  19. More Fun Comics #71
  20. The Kingdom: Planet Krypton #1
  21. The Kingdom #2
  22. The Kingdom #1
  23. The Kingdom #2
  24. Action Comics #17
  25. Action Comics #38
  26. Detective Comics #19
  27. Action Comics #27
  28. Sensation Comics #62
  29. Wonder Woman #13
  30. Wonder Woman #13
  31. Adventure Comics #35
  32. Adventure Comics #39
  33. Adventure Comics #41
  34. Adventure Comics #41
  35. Adventure Comics #46
  36. Adventure Comics #49
  37. Adventure Comics #50
  38. Adventure Comics #55
  39. Adventure Comics #59
  40. Adventure Comics #60
  41. Adventure Comics #62
  42. Adventure Comics #64
  43. Action Comics #20
  44. Action Comics #18
  45. More Fun Comics #73
  46. Action Comics #37
  47. Action Comics #38
  48. Action Comics #33
  49. Adventure Comics #35
  50. Adventure Comics #36
  51. Action Comics #10
  52. New Comics #5
  53. Action Comics #5
  54. Adventure Comics #36
  55. Adventure Comics #37
  56. More Fun Comics #17
  57. Action Comics #9
  58. Adventure Comics #139
  59. Action Comics #19
  60. Adventure Comics #166
  61. Action Comics #23
  62. All-Star Squadron #6
  63. Action Comics #10
  64. Adventure Comics #36
  65. Flash Comics #9
  66. Action Comics #50
  67. Sensation Comics #1
  68. Comic Cavalcade #19
  69. Action Comics #30
  70. Action Comics #2, #3, & #4
  71. Adventure Comics #63
  72. Action Comics #14
  73. All-Star Squadron #22
  74. Adventure Comics #44
  75. Adventure Comics #56
  76. Adventure Comics #51
  77. Adventure Comics #57
  78. Adventure Comics #69
  79. Action Comics #12
  80. Adventure Comics #61
  81. Adventure Comics #64
  82. Flash Comics #1
  83. Adventure Comics #61
  84. Adventure Comics #70
  85. Brave and the Bold #61
  86. New Comics #1
  87. New Comics #2
  88. New Comics #3
  89. New Comics #4
  90. Adventure Comics #71
  91. Adventure Comics #80
  92. Adventure Comics #67
  93. Adventure Comics #77
  94. Adventure Comics #55
  95. Adventure Comics #48
  96. Adventure Comics #67
  97. Action Comics #8
  98. Action Comics #9
  99. All-American Comics #4
  100. Wonder Woman #1
  101. Action Comics #14
  102. Sensation Comics #1
  103. Flash Comics #100
  104. New York World’s Fair Comics #1
  105. Detective Comics #29
  106. Adventure Comics #52
  107. Action Comics #31
  108. Adventure Comics #61
  109. Adventure Comics #66
  110. Adventure Comics #62
  111. Adventure Comics #62
  112. Adventure Comics #40
  113. Action Comics #31
  114. Flash Comics #1
  115. Adventure Comics #50
  116. Adventure Comics #61
  117. Adventure Comics #63
  118. New Comics #9
  119. Adventure Comics #55
  120. Adventure Comics #51
  121. Adventure Comics #57
  122. Sensation Comics #3
  123. Adventure Comics #82
  124. Man of Two Worlds: My Life in Science Fiction and Comics (Julius Schwartz's autobiography)
  125. Flash #129